Menorca archeological sites
Menorca, like the rest of the Balearic Islands, has suffered numerous invasions through the years, but a unique worldwide prehistoric culture preceded all attacks. The megalithic constructions, made of huge stones, are among the most impressive in the world, and you can only find them on the island.
If anything characterises Menorca’s megalithic constructions are the ones called “talaiots”. It seems that they fulfilled different functions: as a watchcover, defence tower, grave… One of the most emblematic settlements in the island isTorre d’en Galmes, in Son Bou (near Alaior). Also of an important archaeological interest are the megalithic walls of Torre Llafuda, Santa Rosa, Son Catlar, Biniaret and Alfurinet.
Talaiots y Taules
Among the religious monuments are the outstanding “taules”. These megalithic constructions made of two large stones form a magnificent t-shaped monument.
The most celebrated open-air “taules” are Trepucó, Talatí de dalt, sa Torreta de Tramuntana, Torralba d’en Salord, Torre Llisà Vell (in Alaior) and Torre Trencada (in Ciutadella). Along the same line, the most significant prehistoric funeral monument in the island because of its rarity and good conservation is the Naveta d’es Tudons in Ciutadella.
The majestic fortress at La Mola in Mao harbour belongs to a more recent time (XIX century), when the port of Maó needed protection against enemy fleets. Across the harbour entrance from La Mola one can see the remains of Sant Felip Castle with its underground tunnels. Not only can these be visited but Fort Marlborough, built by the British in the XVIII century, is also very popular with anyone interested in military history.
As you travel around the island, you will encounter watch towers. Of special interest are the Torre de Fornells and the Sant Nicolau tower in Ciutadella.
Entre los monumentos funerarios menorquines, los principales son los dólmenes, las cuevas de enterramiento, las navetas y naviformes y sepulcros excavados en la propia roca, en el aire libre o en el suelo y las paredes de diversas grutas. Los más interesantes son la Naveta d’es Tudons y las cincuenta sepulturas existentes en las cuevas del grupo troglodítico de Torreta Saura.