Its origin is unclear, since we find no decree, whether of a king, or some general, which created the “Camí de Cavalls“. However, if you know that in the eighteenth century there was already a path, essential in an age where invasions were carried out only by sea, which claimed the island and was used primarily by the military, facing surveillance the coast.
In the Historical Archive of Mahon, in the Book of agreements from 1731 to 1736, and found documents that refer to a path that circled the island. In an order of the governor, Richard Kane, the mayors of the island reads: “The old Camino Real that goes around the island on the coast of the Navy should be noted annually in March with a short green branches around other, and those barriers and the note will be in charge of the subjects who inhabit the territory through which the road passes. And yes the Camino Real that is somewhere far from the sea and the closer fit could be moving as confining him to the sea as possible to pass a horse.
In this sense, the “Camí de Cavalls” should be considered historically as a public easement imposed on certain private properties (eg registration of the estate of Sant Adeodat, is Migjorn in the Land Registry) for reasons of utility services (military, civilian or mixed), acquired by immemorial prescription.
The traffic on the road was and has always been free as a result of being a public easement on the terms specified in the documents submitted and testimony provided by the popular memory.
The non-use by the Army that follows the letter of General Military Governor of Minorca 1961 does not mean the extinction of slavery. It is in any case, an act which demonstrates the non-use of the road by the Army since then, but, by itself, did not prevent, in general, free transit of citizens or presupposes the statute of limitations for the easement.
Military and civilian use
From these considerations, we can recognize subsisting, in principle, the public easement of “Camí de Cavalls” on coastal farms of Menorca, which protects the right of free passage through the farms affected, though, a priori, it is possible that there is any case of the prescription.
Ultimately, you must access or exit the “Camí deCavalls” from a public place, never crossing private property if the owner expressly preclude it. In cases where the landlord if the right of way permits must be respected standards such as the once close past barriers to prevent livestock from escaping and cause serious responsibilities for the owner and damage to third.
Considered the historical heritage of the island and declared of cultural interest by the CAIB, currently carried out work on the recovery of the original road layout, as well as tasks of dialogue with property owners to prohibit access to the same . For more information, consult the Special Plan of Camí de Cavalls L’Illa de Menorca (Consell Insular de Menorca) and Law 13/2000 of 21 December, Camí de Cavalls de Menorca.
This law aims to establish a public walkway, set on the original layout of the Camí de Cavalls, affection to the public domain or easement, the use of which is public interest in order to allow general use, free and free, as a means to recovery and restoration, and use to do that all the legal instruments containing the articles. The ownership of that is attributed to the Consell de Menorca (art. 3).
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