Menorca is the northernmost island in the Balearics
Menorca is the easternmost of the Balearic Islands in the Gulf of Lions vertical and the height of Castellon de la Plana. It has a total area of 701.84 square kilometres, representing 14% of the Balearic islands. Occupies the coast 216 km, although part of the island has not distanced greater than 53km (from out Bajoli to La Mola de Mao).
The landscape and geology differ considerably from the Mallorca or Ibiza. First, it is a virtually flat island. The higher altitude, Monte Toro, has only 358 meters. The maximum width of the island is twenty miles, while the average is only thirteen.
The morphology of the soil divided the territory into two distinct halves. In the northern zone (Tramuntana) are the older soils of all the Balearic Islands of primary origin. The region is senile and worn, dark land and cliffs carved by the storms. Furthermore, the Migjorn (south) consists of Miocene limestone soils constitution, much more recent. It is a flat platform and inclined towards the south coast. The streams that come from the northern hills have been formed over the centuries some deep ravines, which are one of the most distinctive characteristics of Menorca.
Geology and Climate
The weather in Menorca is also different from the other islands. His average is the highest rainfall in the Balearics, with 654 mm annually. The humidity is very high, causing the early hours of the night and morning dew, or “banyadura”. The average annual temperature of the island is 18.11 ˚ C, with a minimum average annual 13.90 ˚ C and a maximum average annual of 22.33 ˚ C.
But undoubtedly the most characteristic element is the wind. Lacking defences terrain, Menorcabeaten by flows from the north. The dreaded north, dry and cold, dominates the rest of the winds. This wind, intemperate and moaning, easily reached sixty miles an hour. Proof of force is the slope south of the trunks of many olive trees.