Menorca, the treasure of the Mediterranean
Menorca is home to the best preserved natural sites in the Mediterranean.
Menorca was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1993, conforming the Natural Park of s’Albufera des Grau, Illa d’en Colomy and the Cap de Favaritx as its main nucleus. This natural park is located in the municipality of Maó and occupies an area of 1,947 hectares, which there are 72 that belong to the lagoon and to which we must add the flood zone known as Es Prat. There are several ponds, among which Cala Morell, Sa Torreta and l’Illa d’en Colom, whose surface area covers 60 hectares.
The island is an authentic natural paradise formed by a multitude of ravines, terrestrial caves, underwater caves, as well as unique animal and plant species all over the world.
The fauna of the island
In Menorca there are many different species such as small mammals, reptiles, insects and a great variety of birds. As mammals that live in total freedom on the island, we can highlight the martens, ferrets, weasels, rabbits, bats, field and urchins. The most common reptiles are the Mediterranean tortoise, the Balearic lizard and different varieties of non-poisonous snakes. Birds are the group of animal species with the greatest presence on the island. We can find turtle doves, wood pigeons, wild pigeons, blackbirds, seagulls, storm petrels, shearwaters and sniffs. In the forests and planted we find chochas, wrens, nightjars, flycatchers, partridges and quail. In Menorca there is a wide variety of birds of prey and scavengers easily spotted such as hawks, kestrels, hawks, Egyptian vultures and different species of agile, among many others. Without a doubt, Menorca is an idyllic destination for bird lovers.
The Menorcan flora
There are a variety of native deciduous trees. The most common on the island is the “ullastrar”. Traditionally, the islanders resorted to wild olive and oak to obtain wood, as they are perfectly adapted to the climate of Menorca, as well as some varieties of pine, especially Aleppo pine. Near the beaches, you will find junipers and many pines. Liquids cover the roqedal and a large number of thorny thickets locally called “socarrells” cover the coast subjected to strong winds.