Manufacture of textiles and shoes
In the mid-nineteenth century began the island’s economic recovery, thanks to an incipient industrialization.
In 1856 he founded the Industrial Mahonesa(Cala Figuera, Mao), dedicated to the manufacture of tissue and, like the shoe industry, specializing in exports to the West Indies. Was undertaken in parallel making silver coin, will be an important activity, as evidenced by the existence of twelve workshops in the early twentieth century.
The construction of La Fortaleza de La Mola
In 1854 starts the construction of the Fortress of Isabel II or La Mola at the entrance of the port of Mahon. Menorquines Many found jobs in the construction of this fort. Queen Elizabeth II herself visited the square in 1860. La Mola, which is a remarkable example of military engineering, was used as a prison since early last century until it was abolished in 1968.
Since 1892 the first factory-installed electricity and gas in Menorca, with plants in each population that will replace oil lamps and electric motors application to industry. In 1956 the electricity companies of the island joined GESA.
The road network is transformed between 1860 and 1900 with the construction of roads Mahon-Ciutadella, Maco-Sant Lluís, Fornells-Es Mercadal, Es Migjorn Gran and Great-Ferreries is Migjorn. Soon after came the first cars (1902), who will share the roads with cars until the mid-twentieth century.
Finally, loss of the colonies in 1898 was a blow to the textile and footwear industries, and the crisis of 1911 caused a period of economic recession, which facilitated the emigration as the only means of subsistence. This situation continued until the First World War, during which triggered the production of footwear.