Earliest settlements

The Phoenicians arrived in Menorca to the eleventh century BC and gave it the name ofNura.These sailors and traders from Tire and Sidon, in Lebanon today, developed a burgeoning trade between Menorca and Ibiza and founded the two most important cities on the island is now: Mahon (Mago) and Citadel.

Around 500 BC, a city state founded by Greek colonists, who call Meloussa Menorca. Like the Phoenicians, the Greeks failed to establish permanent colonies on the island, for there is no sign that testifies the definitive establishment of the same.

Around 300 BC the Carthaginians take the island and called Jamma or Iamnona to Ciutadella and Magon to the present capital of Menorca.

The passage of the Carthaginians

Menorca should be for Carthaginians a transit-not forget that it is almost equidistant from the metropolis and Ebusus, great emporium, where business had to make interesting and importing manufactured goods in exchange for taking food and livestock. This is what appear to show the prints left at stations archaeological menorquinas. In all of them, mixed with remains of indigenous vessels, are objects or Punic sherds arguably, also some bronze objects denote the same source.

From the findings it appears that the Carthaginians products reached all villages, something attributable to trade visitors with the natural setting of the country, or it may be that this abundance is due to the continuous Punic objects travel from the fields and habitations for those responding to men’s enlistments useful (Balearic slingers) to service weapons. Do not forget that the most important reason offered by the ambition to Menorca Carthage was no doubt the possibility of extracting the island cams nourished mercenaries who went to swell his army, occupying most of the time the front lines of combat (Graeco-Punic wars).